Dog Lice Types, Infections And 05 Best Home Remedies To Treat Dog Lice At Home

What Are Dog’s Lice ?

Dog lice are flat, small and wingless six-legged insects that live in the hairs of dogs. Strong hook like claws at the end of each leg allow them to hang on to the hair shafts of dog.

The claws are tailored to the specific size of the dog’s hair shaft or feathers, which is why they are species specific. They survive on skin debris , sebaceous secretions , feathers, or the blood of the host dog.

Types Of Dog’s Lice

There are two types of Dog’s Lice

1) Chewing Lice

Chewing lice live their life by eating skin debris and surface secretions. There are two species of chewing lice that affect dogs and wild animal.

2) Sucking Lice

 Sucking lice suck blood to survive. The species of sucking lice that affect dogs is called Linognathus setosus. Unlike the chewing lice these  fleas have a sharp pointed mouthpiece.

Signs Of Dog Lice And Their Infections


  • Skin Scratching and itchiness

  • Rough, dry, or matted coat

  • Hair loss specially around ears, neck, shoulders, groin, and rectal regions

  • Small wounds or infections from bites by sucking lice

  • Anemia in extreme cases or in small dogs and puppies

  • Tapeworms and other bacteria or parasites that are spread by lice


05 Best Home Remedies To Treat Dog’s Lice

1) Garlic

 Garlic is one of the most suitable remedies for de-worming our pets. It is widely considered to be one of the most toxic foods for our dogs . It is recommended to crush some garlic into their food daily. For Big dogs a clove of garlic is recommended. For small dogs half a clove will do. These doses are not toxic for your dog. 

2) Citronella Infusion Massage

 Citronella is an excellent repellent plant due to all the components that it contains. To perform the massage you should add a handful of fresh citronella in half a point of boiling water. Turn off the heat and let it stand until cool. Then filter and soak the solution on a cotton pad and  applying it over the dog’s hair and paying attention to the affected areas.

3) Lavender essential oil

 Lavender Oil is very suitable due to its antiseptic property and can be applied directly on the skin  if there are no open wounds. Add 5 drops onto a cotton pad and apply to the affected areas. If there are wounds it is recommended to add these 5 drops to the dog’s usual shampoo.

4) Tea tree essential oil

 Tea tree is very suitable due to its great antibacterial , antiseptic and anti-parasitic properties. It will help the prevention of topical infections due to excessive itching. In this case it is most appropriate to mix 5 drops of oil with the dog’s usual shampoo. You can repeat this twice a week.

5) Artemisia Essential Oil

 This medicinal plant contains essential oils that are effective against lice. This is due to their insecticidal action. It will be necessary to infuse artemisia then soak this solution on a cotton pad and apply it daily to the affected areas.